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Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP)

Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP) is calculated as: 1/3 Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) + 2/3 Diastolic Blood…

Dialyzable Drugs

The ability of dialysis to remove a toxin is based on: Molecular weight (size) Protein binding…

Hypertensive Emergency

A summary of the hypertensive emergency treatment guidelines from: 2017 ACC/AHA/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/AGS/APhA/ASH/ASPC/NMA/PCNA Guideline for the Prevention, Detection,…

VBG vs ABG

Notes: In a meta-analysis, Bloom et al. note that there is good correlation between arterial and…

Hypokalemia

Hypokalemia <3.5 mmol/L Severe < 2.5 mmol/L ECG changes ST depression U wave QT prolongation (>450 ms) PVCs…

Hyperkalemia

Hyperkalemia >6.0 mmol/L EKG changes (not necessarily in order, especially if chronic renal failure patient) Peaked…

CT Contrast and Kidneys (FAQ)

American College of Radiology Manual on Contrast Media (download pdf): 1) Do end-stage renal patients need…